Devaswom (Sanskrit: dēvasvaṁ; transl. ”Belonging to the God”) are socio-religious trusts in India whose members are nominated by both government and community. They oversee Hindu temples and their assets to ensure their smooth operation in accordance with traditional rituals and customs. The devaswom system notably exists in the state of Kerala, where most temples are either managed by Government of Kerala-controlled devaswoms or formed by private bodies/families. The properties of each temple are deemed to be the personal property of the presiding deity of the temple and are managed through a body of trustees who bear allegiance to that deity.
As per the Bill, the autonomous Kerala Devaswom Recruitment Board will prepare select list of candidates for the appointment in various posts. The Thiruvananthapuram-headquartered Board will have five nominated members, including a woman member a member belonging to SC or ST, it said. There are four Devaswom Boards–(Travancore, Malabar Cochin and Guruvayur) and one Devaswom Managing Committee (Koodalmanickam) in the state.